J. N. Hyder
Filed April 22, 1907
No. 9012

I, J. N. Hyder, a native of the state of Tennessee and now a citizen of Tennessee, resident at Algood, in the county of Putnam in the State of Tennessee, and who was a soldier from the State of Tennessee, in the war between the United States and the Confederate States, do hereby apply for aid under the Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, entitled "An Act for the benefit of the indigent and disabled soldiers of the late war between the States, and to fix the fees of attorneys or agents for procuring such pensions, and fixing a penalty for the violation of the same." And I do solemnly swear that, while in the discharge of my duty in the service of Confederate or United States as a member of "Capt James Barns Company "H" in Gen George G. Dibrell's Regiment."

and from the effects of such wounds or wounds I was disabled as follows: "(I was in the battles of Parkers Cross Roads, Tenn & Franklin, Tenn & at Humbolt Tenn, & others)"

and that by reason of such wound and disability I am now entitled to receive the benefits of this Act. I further swear that I do not hold any National, State or County Office, nor do I receive aid or pension from any other State, or from the United States, and that I am not an inmate of any soldier's home, and that I am unable to earn a reasonable support for myself and family. I do further solemnly swear that the answers given to the following questions are true:

In what County, State and year were you born?
Answer: I was born in White County Tenn in the year 1842

When did you enlist and in what command? Give the names of the regimental and company officers under whom you were serving at date of wound or wounds:
Answer: I enlisted in 1862 in Capt Jas Barns Company & Col George G. Dibrell's Regiment

In what battle or battles were you wounded, and, if not in battle, state under what circumstances you received the injury or injuries?
Answer: Parkers Crossroad & at Franklin & at or near Humbolt, Tenn but never was wounded

What was the precise nature of your wound or wounds?
Answer: ----

What limb, if any, did you lose by reason of said wound or wounds, and, if no limb, state fully the disability caused by said wound or wounds, and is said disability permanent?
Answer: none

Were you incapacitated for service by reason of said wound, wounds, or service?
Answer: No, But I had measles & mumps while in the service
Were you discharged from the army by reason of said wound, wounds, or service?
Answer: I was sent home on a furlow on account of said sickness about the 1st of August 1863

If discharged from the army, where were you and what did you do until the close of the war?
Answer: I was furloughed or given a written permit to come home while our command was at Sparta, Tenn & I left the command at Sparta.

What was the surgeon who attended you?
Answer: Dr. Walsey treated me before I was sent home.

How did you get out of the army?
Answer: I was given a furlow or pass to go home while we were at Sparta, Tenn.

Did you take the oath of allegiance to the United States Government?
Answer: Yes

If so, when and under what circumstances?
Answer: I taken the oath at McMinnville Tenn in spring of 1864

Are you married, or have been married?
Answer: Yes

If so, what is the size of your family?
Answer: I have a wife and one child with me

What are the respective ages of your wife and children?
Answer: My wife is 63 yrs old and my boy is about 18

To what sex do you children belong?
Answer: male

Are not some of your children able to support you?
Answer: None of them able

In what business are you now engaged, if any, and what do you earn?
Answer: I work some on the farm when able on rented land

What estate have you in your own right, real and personal, and what is its value?
Answer: I don't own any land & but little personal property only, two head of cattle

What estate has your wife in her own right, real and personal, and what is its value?
Answer: She owns three acres of land with small hands on it in which we live, valued at $250.00 and no personal property

How have you derived support for yourself and family for the last five years?
Answer: Mostly by my daily labor. My son works some but he is weakly & not able to work much or ?????

Do you use intoxicants to any extent?
Answer: No

How long have you been an actual resident of the State of Tennessee?
Answer: All my life

Have you an attorney to look after this application?
Answer: ----

If so, give his name and address?
Answer: -----

Witness my hand, this 19th day of April 1907
J. F. Dyer, Physician
W. L. Ray, Witness
G. M. Moon, Witness

Heart and Kidney disease. Such disabilities renders him unable to to any hard manual labor. any more than a bank 1/4 of his work of a strong man, and claimant could not even do 1/4 labor only a part of the time - the other part of his time is not able to do any labor.

??? W. L. Ray further states that applicant J. W. Hyder & he served in the same company and Regiment. Witness G. M. Moore starts further that applicant served in the same regiment while in the army & that applicant made a gold soldier while in the army.

Witness my hand, at office, this 19th day of April, 1907
D. C. Gossage, Clerk
per B. M. Stanton,
D. C.

Sparta, Tenn
Apr 10, 1912

Dear Frank,

Mr. J. N. Hyder is here and tells me he has made application for a state pension. I know Mr. Hyder and know he made a good soldier while in the army and where the command came across the mountain he was sick and not able to return with the command, Mr. Hyder is making a good citizen, and is a poor man, and is worthy of a pension. He is old and unable to do manual labor. He went home from Sparta where he went under orders from Genl Dibrell.

And I hope you will use your influence in his interest for a pension, we are all tolerably well.

Your Bro,
W. L. Dibrell
J. L. ????

Nashville, Tenn. Mar 24, 1908

Gen. F. C. Ainsworth
Adjutant General
Washington, D. C.

Dear Sir:

J. N. Hyder who is an applicant for Pension under the Pension law, claims to have been a member of Company H Eighth (13th) Regiment TN Cav C. S. A. and to have been released at McMinnville, Tenn in 1864

Please give us record of this soldier.
George B. Gould

Office of Ernest H. Boyd, Grand Patriach

A portion of the Putnam County Applicant
W. C. Minton
John L. Garrison
J. N. Hyder
W. C. Jared
George Ray Dead no widow
J. R. Watson
S. W. Brown
S. W. Johnson In Oklahoma
Joseph Phifer
Isaac Rector #10302
Hale 2278
John Elrod
Mrs. Ezekial Kinnard
Mrs. Elizabeth Walker
Mrs. Cooper
Mrs. Robinson

Office of Ernest H. Boyd, Grand Patriach
Cookeville, Tenn Oct 27, 1911

Capt. Frank A. Moses
Nashville, Tenn.

Dear Capt Moses:-

I called twice at the office of your Board week before last. The first day I called no one was in on account, I presume, of the Murfreesboro reunion. On the other day Capt. Hickman was the only one in the office. I had to be in Chattanooga all of the last week at the Grand Lodge and legal business has kept me at home all of this week.

I merely wanted to land any assistance in my power to a number of old soldiers from the county where pension applications are now pending before the Board. These old fellows constantly importune me to assist them and I am always glad to help them all that I can. I haven't one cents pecuniary interest in the success of any applicant, my interest is absolutely an unselfish and wholly sympathetic one.

Most of these old Putnam County applicants present as needy and sympathetic spectator as one could well conceive of.

Our county, in so far as I can recall, has had only one old soldier placed in the roll in two or three years and he died in a short time thereafter.

On a separate sheet of paper I give you a list of some of our Putnam County applicants.

It seems to me that a number of these cases are unusually deserving. I can't conceive of a more deserving case than that of John L. Garrison who has been disabled from work since the war and who today is almost helpless as a result of the injuries he received in the Fishing Creek fight. He laid in Fort Delaware Prison for more than a year rather than take the oath and his reputation is that he made a gallant soldier. I have filed, I suppose, thirty or forty affidavits in his behalf, including statements from a most of the physicians of this city. I filed his application in either August or Sept last year.

He is the worst ruptured man I ever saw, due to an injury received at Fishing Creek. He is wholly unable to work and is indigent. His application filed by me in August or Sept of last year and supported by some 30 or 40 affidavits - it seems to me presents as strong a case as could be made out.

I did not fill out the application of W. C. Minton but I understand that his case is a very deserving one, the same is true of George Ray, Mrs. Walker, Mrs. Kinnard, and a number of others. W. C. Jared's case is, I understand, a very worthy one. In fact all of them are good old men and in very needy circumstances and I trust that you Board will favorably act in a number of their applications at the present season.

Very Sincerely,
Ernest H. Boyd

Washington, March 27, 1908

Respectfully returned to the
President, Tennessee Board of Pension Examiners

The records show that one Jos. N. Hyden (not found as J. N. Hyder), private, Company H, 8th (also called 13th) Tennessee Cavalry, C. S. A. was enlisted September 15, 1862. On a roll of the company dated October 12, 1862, only roll on which borne, he is reported present. No later record of him has been found, nor do the records show that he was released as alleged.

T. Carmack
The Adjutant General

No 9012
Algood, TN 7.6.1912
To the State Pension Board
Nashville, TN

In the case of J. N. Hyder applicant for State Pension

We, Brunette Bohanan, aged 66 years and Martha Whitaker aged 66 years, desire to state that we have personally known J. N. Hyder from before the Civil War and ever since. and that the said J. N. Hyder came home sick from the army about the first of August 1863, and was confined for three or four months and was never able for service the remainder of said war, and further state that he was unable to do manual labor for one or two years after said way also that we have no interest in the Claim whatsoever.

Given our hands at Algood, Tenn
Martha Whitaker (her mark)
Brunette Bohanon (her mark)
Lola Hunter
Parbell Daniter

[Board replies that there is insufficient evidence that to support his claim of illness until the end of the war]

Algood, Putnam County, Tennessee
May 24, 1919

To: State Pension Board
c/o W. L. McKay, Special Examiner
Nashville, Tennessee

Gentleman: -

In reply to a communication of the 20th, inst. addressed to me, in which it is stated "The Board is not entirely satisfied that you were never able to return to the army after you were furloughed," the facts are, as I have heretofore stated, that I was, on account of sickness, furloughed at Sparta, Tennessee in August 1863 and I was never again physically able for military service during the remainder of the war and I have ever since and am now afflicted with a cough resulting from measles settling on my lungs while in military service in 1863.

My health was such that for more than a year after the close of the war I was not able to work.

I was, during the period of my service in the army, engaged in fourteen battles and skirmishes.

I will be 77 years old on August 8, 1919. I am very poor man and the only property that I own is aged mare worth about $65.00.

I was born and reared in Putnam County, Tennessee in which county I have resided all my life except when away in the Confederate service and about eight months spent in Texas about 24 years ago.

I am not physically able to work. my sons are poor men, all of them have dependent families and none of them are financially able to take care of me.

State of Tennessee
Putnam County }

J. F. Hyder makes oath that he will be 65 years old on Nov 8th 1919. That he is a married man and a resident of the Third Civil District of Putnam County, Tennessee. That he is a miller and farmer by occupation.

That he is the nephew of J. N. Hyder a Confederate Veteran, residing at Algood, Putnam County, Tennessee. That he has been well and personally acquainted with his said uncle ever since he can remember - That he well remembers when his said uncle came home from Dibrell's regiment in the summer of 1863 sick and disabled - That he remembers how he coughed at the time and that his coughing continued throughout the war and that he was in feeble health for some years after the Civil War from the same ailment and that he had continued to be afflicted with a cough until the present time and on account of said cough he had never in my judgment been a sound and able bodied man since he contracted said ailment in the military service. Ever since he returned from the army he has complained of his breast pains him and has been afflicted with a cough - During practically all of my life I have lived near him. I now live four miles from his home. During a great portion of my life I have lived within a mile of my said uncle.


In the case of J. N. Hyder, Pension Claim No. 9012

Witness J. C. Hyder, being duly sworn states as follows:

That he is 71 years old and lives at Brotherton, Route 1, Putnam County, Tennessee, that he is a cousin of the claimant, and has lived near him nearly all their lives.

That he was here about the time he, J. N. Hyder came in from the army, and frequently saw him on to the close of the war, and up to the present time.

That he was acquainted with said applicant's condition most all the time after he returned from the army, and it is his opinion that said claimant was not bed fast but that he was very thin and appeared to be very thin and weak.

J. C. Hyder
Sworn to and subscribed before me
this 5th Dec 1910

Jos Thompson, Notary Public


State of Tennessee
Putnam County }
I, J. N. Hyder, do solemnly swear that while in the active discharge of my duties as a private in Company H, 8th Tenn., Cavalry I was stricken with measles in West Tennessee, breaking out on the day following the battle at Parkers Xroads. I remained at Columbia in a tent until I got able to travel although still unwell. I went with my regiment from there to Florence, Ala and before I had entirely recovered from the measles I was stricken with the mumps at Florence, and I was in the hospital with the mumps for about fifteen days. As soon as I got able to travel I again entered service and was in the fighting around Franklin, Tenn. from that section we went to Chattanooga and from there to Sparta, Tenn. where I reached Sparta I was very feeble in consequence of the measles and mumps. The measles settled in my lungs and the mumps permanently injured me. I was then unable to do duty and in the march across the mountain I was unable to carry my gun, which service was performed for me on practically the entire march by different comrades.

At Sparta, in consequence of my sick and disabled condition I was on the very day of our arrival (about the first of August '63) granted a sick permit to go to my home in Putnam County. This permit given to me by Col. Dibrell. It was four months after this before I got able for duty. I was unable to get back to the army as this section was infested with Stokes and Beaty's men. I was always loyal to the Confederacy. lay out at nights and dodge the Yankees as best I could.

Col. Dougharily who was detailed to take the sick and others back to the command being unable to do so.

I have never recovered entirely from the disabilities incurred during my service in the army. The measles settled in lungs and in consequence of same I have coughed until this day. This Jan 26th 1909.

J. N. Hyder

State of Tennessee
Putnam County}

Personally appeared before me J. N. Hyder who made oath that the above and foregoing affidavit subscribed to in my presence was true and correct. This January 26, 1909.

D. C. Gossage, Clerk

State of Tennessee
Putnam County }

We C. E. Bohanon and George Buckner citizens of the Third Civil district of Putnam County, Tennessee, do solemnly swear that we were born, reared and have always lived in said district and county. We are aged respectively 74 and 65. Neither of us were in the Civil War, the former on account of poor health at the time and the latter because he was too young.

We were reared near by and have always been intimately acquainted with J. N. Hyder, now of Algood, this county, and an applicant for a State Pension. We remember distinctly the return of said J. N. Hyder to his home from the army in August 1863 and we well remember his disabled condition at the time of his return home and we remember and know that his said disabilities continued until after the close of the war and that from the time of his return home sick from the army in August 1863 until after the close of the war in 1865. He was never again able for military service.

Neither of us are related to the said applicant. J. N. Hyder.
This Oct 6, 1911
C. E. Bohannon
George Buckner (his mark)
Witness: D. A. Verble

Subscribed and sworn to before me E. H. Boyd a Notary Public in and for Putnam County, and I hereby certify that I am personally acquainted the two witnesses who subscribed to the foregoing affidavit and know them to be trustworthy and entitled to full faith and credit upon their oaths, and I further certify that the foregoing statement of acts to which they subscribed under oath was by me carefully read to them.

This Oct 6, 1911
E. H. Boyd, Notary Public for Putnam County

[Again the board rejected the pension because they were unsatisfied that he could not return to his command.]

Tribbey, Oklahoma
Apr 1909
Tennessee Board of Pension Examiners
Nashville, Tenn

I William H. Hudgens, citizen of Tribbey, Oklahoma, hereby state and certify that I was formerly a citizen of Putnam County, Tenn, and I know Mr. J. N. Hyder of Algood, Tenn. We both were members of Capt. Barnes Company in Gen Dibrel's old Regiment and Mr. Hyder and my self were both on the sick list, at the time General Dibrell's command went from Chattanooga to Sparta, Tenn, in 1863, and command got to Sparta, Gen Dibrell gave Mr. J. N. Hyder, and my self a written permission to go to our homes, and we went together to our homes in Putnam County, at that time we both lived in the same community and we were both unable to return to the command while at Sparta.

William H. Hudgens

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 12th day of April A. D. 1909
D. J. Abbott
Notary Public
My commission expires Dec 28, 1911

State of Tennessee
Putnam County }

I, J. H. Verble Trustee of said county do hereby certify that J. N. Hyder is not assessed with any land, but Mrs. J. N. Hyder is with 3 acres valued at $250.00 as appears on the Tax Books in my office at
Cookeville, Tenn.

This April 20, 1907
J. H. Verble, Trustee
for said county

Subscribed and sworn to before me April 20, 1907}

D. C. Gossage, clk
By B. M. Stanton D. C.

The Tennessee Board of Pension Examiners
Nashville, Tenn.

In the case of J. N. Hyder applicant for State Pension

Applicant states further, that the reason he did not return to his command after he recovered from an attack of sickness, and had been furloughed and came to his home in Putnam County, was that he never got any notice of the fact that Dibrell's command was at Sparta in time to get to his command, that he lived at 20 miles from Sparta and did not learn that the command had come to Sparta either time in 1864, until the command had left, and was gone from Sparta, and applicant states further that at the time he was at his home sick he had both the measles and mumps and had not fully recovered from the effects of said sickness, at the last time Dibrell's command came to Sparta.

Subscribed & sworn to before me
This April 26, 1909

J. N. Hyder

D. C. Gossage, clk
By S. S. Shaw D. C.

Cookeville Tennessee
2 - 14 - 1909
To the Tennessee Board of Pension Examiners
Nashville Tenn

In case of J. N. Hyder Applicant
for state Pension

S. D. Quarles makes oath and states that he and J. N. Hyder in the same company in Gen Dibrell's command that they were with the command when Dibrell came to Sparta Tenn, in 1863 and that they were permitted by Gen Dibrell to come home from Sparta and that Mr. Hyder was sick for some months after he got home. Possibly three or four months, before he was able for duty. and I understood he was right sick a part of the time.

S. D. Quarles

Subscribed & sworn to before me Feb 14, 1909
A. W. Boyd Notary Public
for Putnam County, Tenn

State of Tennessee
Putnam County }

I J. L. Hyder, do solemnly swear that I am a brother of J. N. Hyder and that from my personal knowledge and association with him I know it to be a fact that form the time my said brother, J. N. Hyder, returned home until the close of the war he was never again able for service. His statements in regard to his physical condition during that period are to me known to be true. This Aug 1, 1910.

J. L. Hyder

Subscribed and sworn to before me and I hereby certify that I am personally acquainted with J. L. Hyder and know him to be a citizen of standing and veracity. This Aug 1, 1901.

E. H. Boyd
Notary Public

State of Tennessee Putnam County

To the State Pension Board
Nashville Tennessee

In reference to the application of J. N. Hyder for a state pension. We Joseph Hudgens age 73 years, J. M. Norris, age 70 years, desire to state that we have known Mr. J. N. Hyder for more than fifty years, and we know him to be a good citizen all the while since the Civil War, and we remember well the condition of this section of the country in the spring of 1864. The Federal soldiers then were forcing nearly every citizen to go either to Carthage McMinnville or to Sparta and take the oath and every man who had been in the Confederate army was in danger of begin killed if he failed to go and take the oath, J. N. Hyder came in to his home in Putnam County in the fall of 1863 and appeared to be in bad health, and we have always understood that he made a good soldier while he was in the Confederate army and he is now in need of financial help.

Joseph Hudgens
J. M. Norris

Subscribed and sworn to before me this Jan 19, 1910
J. E. Cannon,
Notary Public

[Eventually after much paper work, J. N. Hyder did receive his pension. His pension began Sept 27, 1911]